.


Periodontal Status as Mediator of the Association between Socioeconomic Status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Pregnant Women

Page Start
0
Page End
0
D.O.I.
10.1922/CDH_00191Sonego05
Action
Download
Authors
  • Carine Sonego
  • Marta L. Musskopf
  • Rui V. Oppermann
  • Patricia Weidlich
  • Roger Keller Celeste

Abstract

Objective: To test periodontal status as a mediator between socioeconomic status (SES) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL)
in pregnant women. Basic research design: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomised clinical trial with 303
pregnant women. Main outcome measures: Demographic variables, SES, smoking, interproximal hygiene, and self-reported gingival bleeding were collected as independent variables. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 was used to assess OHRQoL. The relationship between
SES, periodontal status and OHRQoL was investigated in structural equation modelling. Results: There was a moderate association of
SES with periodontal status (standardised coefficient SC = -0.26, p<0.01) and number of teeth (SC = 0.24, p<0.01). Periodontal status and
the number of teeth were also associated with OHRQoL (respectively, SC = 0.25, p<0.01 and SC = -0.31, p<0.01), but SES was only
indirectly related to OHRQoL (SC = -0.17, p<0.01). Socioeconomic inequalities in quality of life were mainly explained by the remaining
number of teeth, contributing to about 47%, and periodontal status, contributing to about 41%. Conclusions: There was no direct effect
of SES on OHRQoL in pregnant women. Periodontal status and missing teeth each explained almost half of the total indirect association.
Keywords: Quality of life, periodontal diseases, oral health, socioeconomic status


Editorial correspondence and enquires:

c/o Michael Smith
Editorial Assistant,
80 Towngate Road,
Worral, Sheffield, UK,
S35 0AR
e-mail: [email protected]

Publisher correspondence, enquires and technical support:

Dennis Barber Ltd
5 Battery Green Road
Lowestoft , Suffolk
NR32 IDE
UK
Tel: +44 1502 511522
Fax: +44 1502 583152
e-mail: [email protected]


Terms and Conditions
Privacy Policy
Refund Policy